The Tsum Valley is a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley situated in northern Gorkha, Nepal. Literally “Tsum” means vivid. Against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal and Sringi Himal, and Boudha ranges, this serene Himalayan valley is rich in ancient art, culture, and religion. The local people are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak unique dialect. Trails are strewn with artistic chortens and lined with mani walls made of thousands of stone slabs carved with drawings of deities and inscribed with prayers.
The famous Kyimu Lung, a pilgrimage circuit in the central Trans-Himalaya, is well known for its center for learning and meditation. This circuit traverses the Tsum Valley the Manaslu area in Nepal, and southern parts of Tibet. The Tsum Valley has a long history of Buddhism. The Buddhist saint Milarepa is believed to be meditated in the caves of these mountains.
Traditionally, the valley was a culturally distinct geographical called “Tsum Tso Chuksum”, which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. The ancient remains of the Tsum Kingdom are still visible today. Due to its remoteness and inaccessibility, this sacred valley and its people have been bypassed by mainstream development for centuries. As a result, the unique culture of this valley has remained intact.The valley is drained by the Shear Khola, which originates from the western glacier of Ganesh Himal and east and southern glaciers of Sringi Himal and meets the Budhi Gandaki at Nyak.
The valley is uniquely rich in wildlife, especially the Himalayan Thar and Blue Sheep which congregates in herds of 50 to 200. Hunting, fishing is not permitted in the Tsum Valley. The valley also boasts some unique and historic monasteries, including Rachen Gumba and Mu Gumba, which lie on a pretty plateau nestled in the lap of the valley, and Gumba Lungdang, situated at the base of a conical hill against the main slope of Ganesh Himal.
The scenic drive from Kathmandu to Sotikhola.
Mu & Lungdang Gompas in Tsum Valley.
Milarepa Piren Phu Cave (pigeon cave), the most sacred cave in the Tsum Valley
the historical Dephyudonma and Rachen monastery, the oldest monasteries in the Tsum Valley.
Trekking around Mt Manaslu (8,163 m) the worlds eighth tallest mountain.
Side trip around the Biren Lake, one of the popular lake, or Monasteries, Punhyen Glacier, or hike to Mount Manaslu Base Camp during the rest day at Samagon
in Manaslu Circuit during a rest day at Sama Gaun.
Majestic view of glaciers, Lakes, rock and mountain of Mt. Manaslu, Mt. Himchuli, Mt. Ganesh and much more on Nepal- Tibet border from high crossing Larkya la pass.
The unique cultural blend of Tibetan Nupri and Gurung inhabitants.
Ancient Buddhist stupas, monasteries and Tibetan lifestyle.
Side-trip to Birendra Lake Or Incredibly diverse scenery with rich in wildlife
an ancient trading route to Tibet.
Less crowded path than other trekking regions.